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Saturday, May 23
Daily civics quiz

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In Federalist 70, Alexander Hamilton argued that the executive must have the appropriate balance between

a. tyranny, federalism, and democracy.
b. energy, stability, and liberty.
c. self-pity, self-aggrandizement, and self-confidence.
d. stability, ambition, and avarice.

About the Podcast: 60-Second Civics is a daily podcast that provides a quick and convenient way for listeners to learn about our nation’s government, the Constitution, and our history. The podcast explores themes related to civics and government, the constitutional issues behind the headlines, and the people and ideas that formed our nation’s history and government.

60-Second Civics is produced by the Center for Civic Education. The show's content is primarily derived from the Center’s education for democracy curricula, including We the People: The Citizen and the Constitution, Foundations of Democracy, and Elements of Democracy.

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You Can Help: 60-Second Civics is supported by private donations. You can help keep the podcasts coming by donating, buying an ebook, or by writing a nice review in iTunes to help others discover the show. We love our listeners. You are the reason we created the podcast. Thank you for your kind support!

The theme music for 60-Second Civics is provided by Music Alley from Mevio.com. The song featured on the podcast is Cheryl B. Engelhardt's "Complacent Pretending." Terms of use can be found here

60-Second Civics: Episode 2163, The Three Branches of Government, Part 8: How long should a president remain in office?
How long should a president remain in office? The Framers' original proposal was for one seven-year term.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2162, The Three Branches of Government, Part 7: Should there be more than one chief executive?
How many chief executives should there be? Learn the arguments for and against a plural executive on today's episode.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2161, The Three Branches of Government, Part 6: An energetic executive
The Framers of the Constitution thought that the executive should have "energy." We learn why on today's podcast.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2160, The Three Branches of Government, Part 5: Broad versus enumerated powers
How broad should be the powers of Congress? The Virginia and New Jersey plans proposed different visions of legislative power.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2159, The Three Branches of Government, Part 4: Enumerated powers
Should Congress be able to make any laws it wants to? The Framers didn't think so.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2158, The Three Branches of Government, Part 3: A deliberative body
The Framers of the Constitution wanted Congress to thoroughly debate issues and avoid corruption.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2157, The Three Branches of Government, Part 2: Checks and balances
Their experiences with British royal governors led Americans to create weak executives, but this would have a cost.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2156, The Three Branches of Government, Part 1: The corruption of Parliament by the Crown
Since ancient times, philosophers have argued that governments must do three things: make, execute, and judge laws.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2155, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 19: The debate over representation in the expanding republic
The delegates to the Philadelphia Convention recognized that the United States would expand, and planned accordingly.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2154, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 18: The Northern position on proportional representation
Northern delegates to the Philadelphia convention were opposed to counting slaves for purposes of representation.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2153, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 17: The Southern position on proportional representation
Should enslaved people be counted as persons for determining representation? This was hotly debated at the Philadelphia Convention.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2152, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 16: What does proportional representation mean?
The Great Compromise was only the first step in settling the issue of proportional representation.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2151, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 15: The Great Compromise saves the convention
The Great Compromise passed by a single vote. Each side have to give up something to make the compromise work.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2150, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 14: The Great Compromise
The Great Compromise finally broke the impasse at the Philadelphia Convention over representation in Congress.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2149, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 13: Equal representation in the Senate
Today on 60-Second Civics, a vote on equal representation in the Senate results in a deadlocked convention. But there was a way out.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2148, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 12: Defeat of the New Jersey Plan
The New Jersey Plan was defeated at the Philadelphia Convention. This meant the Virginia Plan became the basis for discussion at the Philadelphia Convention.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2146, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 10: The debate over proportional representation
Proportional representation was the most controversial part of the Virginia Plan. Find out why on today's podcast.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2145, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 9: Proportional representation in the Virginia Plan
What was the most controversial element of the Virginia Plan? Find out on today's podcast.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2144, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 8: More features of the Virginia Plan
Some features of the Virginia Plan might strike you as being unusual. Find out on today's 60-Second Civics.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2143, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 7: Representation in the Virginia Plan
The Virginia Plan proposed proportional representation and a government with three branches.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2142, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 6: James Madison's Virginia Plan
Today on 60-Second Civics: James Madison's Virginia plan proposes a strong national government.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2141, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 5: Laying the groundwork
The Framers established rules for the Philadelphia Convention right away. One of them was secrecy.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2139, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 3: Benjamin Franklin and Gouverneur Morris
Benjamin Franklin and Gouverneur Morris made important contributions to the Philadelphia Convention.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2138, The Philadelphia Convention, Part 2: Washington and Madison
Today we learn about two important Framers: George Washington and James Madison.
60-Second Civics: Episode 2136, The first national government, Part 6: The aftermath of Shays' Rebellion
Shays' Rebellion and the popular reaction to it gave Congress an extra incentive to reform the Articles of Confederation.