60-Second Civics Print E-mail

Saturday, November 17
Daily civics quiz


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Which of the following was a doctrine of Stoic philosophy?

a. The equality and universal fraternity of humanity
b. The "priesthood of all believers"
c. The pursuit of pleasure as the highest good
d. Self-control as being not at all important

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About the Podcast: 60-Second Civics is a daily podcast that provides a quick and convenient way for listeners to learn about our nation’s government, the Constitution, and our history. The podcast explores themes related to civics and government, the constitutional issues behind the headlines, and the people and ideas that formed our nation’s history and government.

60-Second Civics is produced by the Center for Civic Education. The show's content is primarily derived from the Center’s education for democracy curricula, including We the People: The Citizen and the Constitution, Foundations of Democracy, and Elements of Democracy.

Subscribe: It's easy to subscribe! Listen on iTunes or Stitcher or subscribe via RSS.

Get Involved: Join the conversation about each episode on Twitter. Or you can contact the show by emailing Mark Gage. Let me know what you think!

You Can Help: 60-Second Civics is supported by private donations. You can help keep the podcasts coming by donating, buying an ebook, or by writing a nice review in iTunes to help others discover the show. We love our listeners. You are the reason we created the podcast. Thank you for your kind support!

Music:
The theme music for 60-Second Civics is provided by Cheryl B. Engelhardt. You can find her online at cbemusic.com. The song featured on the podcast is Cheryl B. Engelhardt's "Complacent Pretending," which you purchase on iTunes, along with all of Cheryl's music.



60-Second Civics: Episode 3426, Representative Democracy in Colonial America
Learn about colonial America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3425, The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Learn about the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3424, The Massachusetts Body of Liberties
Learn about written guarantees of rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3423, Written Guarantees of Rights
Today's episode features the tradition of written guarantees of rights in the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3422, Slavery in Colonial America
In the American colonies, a large portion of the population was slaves who were brought against their will.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3421, Indentured Servitude in Colonial America
Learn about indentured servants.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3420, The Southern Colonies
Today's episode features the Southern Colonies, highlighting their differences from the Northern and Middle Colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3419, The Middle Colonies
Today we discover the Middle Colonies, which were more culturally diverse and cosmopolitan than the New England colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3418, The New England Colonies
On today's episode, we explore the New England colonies, which were rich in natural resources and were in some cases founded by people fleeing religious persecution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3417, The Mayflower Compact
Learn about the Pilgrims and the Mayflower.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3416, The Voyage of the Mayflower
Learn about the Pilgrims and the Mayflower.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3415, The Jamestown Colony
Learn about the Jamestown colony.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3414, The Race to Colonize North America
Learn about colonization in North America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3413, Early English Settlements
Learn about settlements that the English began to develop in North America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3412, Early Settlement of North America
In this episode of 60-Second Civics, we discuss early European settlement of North America and explore Cahokia, a large and culturally important Native American settlement in what is today Southern Illinois.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3411, The British Constitution
Learn about important British documents.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3410, The Model Parliament of Edward I
Learn about Parliament.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3409, Simon de Montfort's Parliaments of 1265
Learn about Simon de Montfort.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3408, King Henry III and the Rise of Parliament
Learn about Simon de Montfort.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3407, The Significance of the Magna Carta
Learn about the Magna Carta.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3406, King John Agrees to the Magna Carta
Learn about the Magna Carta.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3405, The Charter of Liberties
Learn about the Charter of Liberties.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3404, Origins of the House of Commons
Learn about the Normans' judicial system.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3403, The Witan
Learn about the Witan.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3402, Writs and Courts of Equity
Learn about writs and English law.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3401, What the Norman Invasion Meant
Learn about the Normans.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3400, The Norman Invasion
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3399, The Anglo-Saxon Era and the Law
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3398, Anglo-Saxon Law
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3397, The Viking Impact on Britain
Learn about the vikings.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3396, Anglo-Saxon Society
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3395, The Anglo-Saxons Arrive in England
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3394, The Rise and Fall of Roman Britain
Learn about Roman Britain.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3393, Benjamin Franklin: Enlightenment Thinker
Learn about Benjamin Franklin.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3392, Reason and Observation
Learn about Enlightenment era thinkers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3391, The Enlightenment and the Founders
Learn about the Age of Enlightenment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3390, The Emergence of Capitalism
Learn about capitalism.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3389, Humanism Shapes the Renaissance
Learn about humanism.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3388, The Peace of Westphalia
Learn about the Peace of Westphalia.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3387, The Reformation and the Rise to the Modern Nation-State
Learn about the Renaissance.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3386, The Protestant Reformation
Learn about the Protestant Reformation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3385, The Renaissance and the Start of the Reformation
Learn about changing societies in Europe.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3384, The Rebirth of Europe During the Renaissance
Learn about the Renaissance.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3383, Society in Medieval Europe
Learn about society in Medieval Europe.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3382, Feudal Europe
Learn about feudalism in Europe.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3381, The Judeo-Christian Tradition
Learn about

60-Second Civics: Episode 3380, Inequality and Natural Rights
Learn about natural rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3379, Popular Sovereignty Is a Fundamental Idea of Democracy
Learn about popular sovereignty.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3378, Popular Sovereignty and the American Colonies
Learn about popular sovereignty.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3377, Individual Rights and the American Colonies
Learn about natural rights philosophy.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3376, John Locke's Conception of Natural Rights
Learn about John Locke's ideas and writings.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3375, Thomas Hobbes and "Leviathan"
Learn about natural rights philosophy.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3374, Natural Rights Philosophy in the Declaration of Independence
Learn about the ideas in the Declaration of Independence.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3373, Civic Virtue, Moral Education, and Small, Uniform Communities
Learn about classical republican thinking.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3372, Structure of Roman Republican Government
Learn about the Roman Republican Government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3371, Moral Education in the American Colonies
Learn about what moral education in the American colonies looked like.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3370, Cicero and the American Founders
Learn about Cicero's values.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3369, Cincinnatus and George Washington
Learn about Cincinnatus.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3368, Cato as an Example of Civic Virtue
Learn about Cato.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3367, The Role of Citizens in Classical Republics
Learn about the ancient republics.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3366, Small, Uniform Communities in Classical Republicanism
Learn about Aristotle's views on government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3365, The Roman Republic: An Example and a Warning
Learn about classical republicanism.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3364, Classical Republicanism
Learn about classical republicanism.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3363, The Roman Republic
Learn about the Roman republic.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3362, The Problem with Constitutional Government
Learn about constitutional government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3361, Popular Sovereignty and Higher Law
Learn about popular sovereignty.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3360, Constitutional Government Is Limited Government
Learn about constitutions.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3359, What Is a Constitution?
Learn about constitutions.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3358, The Founders Favored Representative Government
Learn about the Founders' opinions on representative government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3357, James Madison on the Term "Republic"
Learn about the evolving definition of a republic.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3356, The Mixed Constitution
Learn about the origins of the ideas in a mixed constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3355, Why Aristotle Wasn't a Fan of Direct Democracy
The past taught Aristotle that direct democracy wasn't the best form of government, at least for ancient Greeks.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3354, Aristotle's Right and Corrupt Forms of Government
Today we learn about Aristotle's solution for stable government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3353, Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Functions
Learn about the functions of government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3352, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
Learn about natural rights philosophers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3351, Lessons from History informed the Constitution
Learn about influences on American government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3350, Lessons from Classical Philosophy
Learn about

60-Second Civics: Episode 3349, Self-government in Virginia
Learn about Virginia's House of Burgesses

60-Second Civics: Episode 3348, William Blackstone
Learn about William Blackstone's writings.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3347, Influences on the American Founders
Learn about the American Founders.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3346, American Trades and Land Speculation
Learn about the American colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3345, Agriculture in Colonial America
Learn about the American colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3344, The Diversity of the American Colonies
Learn about the population of the American colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3343, Native Americans and Colonial America
Learn about Native Americans.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3342, A Land of Opportunity
Learn about

60-Second Civics: Episode 3341, Portraits of Some American Founders
Learn about the Founders.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3340, The American Founders
Learn about the Founders.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3339, We the People: An Adventure in Ideas
Learn about the ideas that influenced the Founders.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3338, Supreme Court Decisions about the General Welfare Clause
Learn about the general welfare clause.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3337, Controversy over the General Welfare Clause
Learn about the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3334, Farmers Demand Relief from Debt after the Revolution
Learn about farmers after the Revolutionary War.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3333, Social Disorder after the Revolutionary War
Learn about social disorder after the Revolutionary War.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3332, Domestic Tranquility
Learn about domestic tranquility.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3331, Corrective Justice
Learn about corrective justice.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3330, Procedural Justice
Learn about procedural justice.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3329, Distributive Justice
Learn about distributive justice.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3327, What the "Pursuit of Happiness" Is
Learn about the pursuit of happiness.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3326, The Pursuit of Happiness
Learn about the inalienable rights listed in the Declaration of Independence.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3325, An Explanation of Inalienable Rights
Learn about inalienable rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3324, Inalienable Rights in the Virginia Declaration of Rights
Learn about inalienable rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3323, The Meaning of "Unalienable Rights"
Learn about unalienable rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3322, Equality and the American Mind
Learn about ideas on equality.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3321, The Intellectual Origins of Americans' Sense of Moral Equality
Learn about the fundamental principles of America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3320, The Intellectual Origins of Americans' Sense of Political Equality
Learn about the fundamental principles of America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3319, "All Men Are Created Equal"
Learn about the fundamental principles of America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3318, The American Creed
Learn about the fundamental principles of America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3317, Why Americans Held "These Truths to Be Self-evident"
Learn more about self-evident truths.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3316, The Meaning of "Self-Evident Truths" in the Declaration of Independence
Learn more about self-evident truths.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3315, America's Fundamental Ideals, Values, and Principles
Today we begin a series on America's fundamental ideals, values, and principles.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3314, International Context of Twenty-sixth Amendment
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3313, Shootings Gave Twenty-sixth Amendment Renewed Urgency
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3312, "Old Enough to Fight, Old Enough to Vote"
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3311, Cultural Context of the Twenty-sixth Amendment
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3310, Oregon v. Mitchell Sets Back the Push to Lower the Voting Age
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3309, How the Vietnam War Spurred the Twenty-sixth Amendment
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3308, The Twenty-sixth Amendment
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3307, International Context to the Twenty-second Amendment
Learn about World War II.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3306, The Power of the American Presidency
Learn about the office of the president.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3305, The Custom of a Two-Term Limit
Learn about two-term limits on the president.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3304, Political Equality as a Fundamental Principle
Learn about political equality.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3303, Roosevelt and the Great Depression
Learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3302, Distrust of Executive Power
Learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3301, Roosevelt Breaks with Custom
Learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3300, War at the Start of Roosevelt's Third Term
Learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3299, The Twenty-second Amendment
Learn about the Twenty-second Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3298, Women's Suffrage Expands Worldwide
Learn about the fight for women's suffrage.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3297, The Sentinels of Liberty
Learn about the fight for women's suffrage.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3296, Violence Against Women's Suffrage
Learn about the suffrage movement.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3295, Women's Suffrage Associations
Learn about the suffrage movement.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3294, A Fractured Suffrage Movement
Learn about the suffrage movement.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3293, The Growing Women's Movement of the Late 1800s
Learn about the push for women's rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3292, The Seneca Falls Convention
Learn about women's suffrage.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3291, The Roots of Women's Suffrage
Learn about women's suffrage.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3290, The Emerging Role of Women
Learn about women in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3289, Women's Role in the American Economy Gradually Changes
Learn about women in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3288, Women Gain the Right to Vote
Learn about women's suffrage.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3287, World War I Increases Demands for Women??s Suffrage
Learn about women's right to vote.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3286, Suffragists
Learn about women's right to vote.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3285, The Nineteenth Amendment
Learn about women's right to vote.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3284, International Prohibition Movements
Learn about international prohibition.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3283, The Rise and Fall of Prohibition
Learn about prohibition.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3282, Societal Changes During Prohibition
Learn about changes in American society.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3281, Prohibition Changed American Society
Learn about changes in American society.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3280, The Prohibition Era Begins
Learn about prohibition in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3279, A Decade of Social Experiment
Learn about changing times in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3278, The Prohibition Era
Learn about the Prohibition era.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3277, The Eighteenth Amendment
Learn about the Prohibition era.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3276, International Abolition of Slavery
Learn about slavery in the world.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3275, Northern Reaction to the Emancipation Proclamation
Learn about the Emancipation Proclamation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3274, The Emancipation Proclamation
Learn about the Emancipation Proclamation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3273, Abolitionists, Free Soilers, and Emancipation
Learn about Americans opinions on slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3272, "If Slavery Is Not Wrong, Nothing Is Wrong"
Learn about President Abraham Lincoln.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3271, The Corwin Amendment
Learn about the Corwin Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3270, Abolition Movements in the United States
Learn about slavery in the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3269, Early Anti-Slavery Movements in America
Learn about slavery in the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3268, Slavery Contradicted America's Founding Principles
Learn about slavery in the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3267, Economic Context of the Civil War
Learn about the Civil War.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3264, The Civil War Amendments
Learn about the Civil War Amendments.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3263, Freedom of the Press around the World
Learn about the press in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3262, The English Roots of American Freedom of the Press
Learn about the press in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3261, Freedom of the Press and New Forms of Communication
Learn about the press in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3260, The Growing Power of Media
Learn about the press in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3259, The Importance of Freedom of the Press in the Early Republic
Learn about freedom of the press.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3258, Prior Restraint
Learn about prior restraint.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3257, New York Times v. Sullivan
Learn about New York Times v. Sullivan.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3256, The Alien and Sedition Acts
Learn about the Alien and Sedition Acts.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3255, Libel vs. Slander
Learn about libel and slander.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3254, The Zenger Case
Learn about the First Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3253, Freedom of the Press, an Introduction
Learn about the First Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3252, A Just and a Lasting Peace
Learn about Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3251, Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address
Learn about the Gettysburg Address.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3250, Abraham Lincoln and America's Founding Principles
Learn about Lincoln's political sentiments.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3249, The Thirteenth Amendment
Learn about the thirteenth amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3246, Lincoln Takes Strong Action against the Rebellion
Learn about President Lincoln and the writ of habeas corpus.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3245, Suspending the Writ of Habeas Corpus During the Civil War
Chief Justice Roger B. Taney rules against Abraham Lincoln's aggressive use of war powers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3244, The Prize Cases
The Prize Cases posed a constitutional test of Abraham Lincoln's use of war powers during an emergency.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3243, Congress Approves Lincoln's Actions
Critics opposed Abraham Lincoln of trampling on the Constitution, but he thought his actions were needed to save both the Union and the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3242, Lincoln Takes Immediate Action Against the Confederacy
Abraham Lincoln acted swiftly when the Civil War began, but some people thought he had gone too far.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3241, The Civil War Begins
Abraham Lincoln faced a tough first year in office: secession and war plagued the nation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3240, Abraham Lincoln Elected President
Lincoln lost his campaign for the Senate, but won the presidency two years later.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3239, Abraham Lincoln Opposes the Kansas-Nebraska Act
The Kansas-Nebraska Act brought Abraham Lincoln back into politics and pushed the country closer to civil war.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3238, Abraham Lincoln Begins His Political Career
Despite having less than one year of formal education, Abraham Lincoln became a lawyer and launched his political career.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3237, Abraham Lincoln's Early Life
Today we kick off a brief series on Abraham Lincoln.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3236, The Legacy of George Mason
On today's podcast, we learn about the legacy of George Mason, America's forgotten founder.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3235, Virginia Ratifies the Constitution
Despite George Mason's objections, Virginia ratified the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3234, George Mason at the Virginia Ratification Convention
George Mason made one fateful error at the Virginia Ratification Convention.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3233, George Mason Refuses to Sign the Constitution
Why didn't the Founders add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution at first?

60-Second Civics: Episode 3232, George Mason Proposes the Bill of Rights
On today's podcast, George Mason opens Pandora's Box during the final days of the Philadelphia Convention.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3231, Bernard Bailyn on Slavery in the Founding Period
Learn about slavery in the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3230, The New York Manumission Society
Learn about the New York Manumission Society.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3229, Slavery in the North
Learn about slavery in the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3228, Providence Punishes National Sins by National Calamities
Learn about the Founders and slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3227, George Mason's Attack on Slavery
Learn about the Founders and slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3226, Jefferson and Madison on Slavery
Learn about the Founders and slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3225, Mason and Washington on Slavery
Learn about two Founders' views on slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3224, Frequent Recurrence to Fundamental Principles
Learn about the Virginia Declaration of Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3223, Important Principles in the Virginia Declaration of Rights
Learn about the Virginia Declaration of Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3222, The Virginia Declaration of Rights
Learn about the Virginia Declaration of Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3221, The Most Influential Constitutional Document in American History
Learn about George Mason.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3220, The Fairfax Resolves
Learn about George Mason.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3219, George Mason's Early Life
Learn about George Mason.