60-Second Civics Print E-mail

Friday, April 26
Daily civics quiz


Subscribe with Itunes

Listen on Sticher
The Bill of Rights is composed of what?

a. the Federalist Papers
b. the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence
c. the first ten amendments to the Constitution
d. the Declaration of the Rights of Man

Listen to today's podcast:



  http://new.civiced.org/components/com_hwdvideoshare/assets/images/rss.png 

About the Podcast: 60-Second Civics is a daily podcast that provides a quick and convenient way for listeners to learn about our nation’s government, the Constitution, and our history. The podcast explores themes related to civics and government, the constitutional issues behind the headlines, and the people and ideas that formed our nation’s history and government.

60-Second Civics is produced by the Center for Civic Education. The show's content is primarily derived from the Center’s education for democracy curricula, including We the People: The Citizen and the Constitution, Foundations of Democracy, and Elements of Democracy.

Subscribe: It's easy to subscribe! Listen on iTunes or Stitcher or subscribe via RSS.

Get Involved: Join the conversation about each episode on Twitter. Or you can contact the show by emailing Mark Gage. Let me know what you think!

You Can Help: 60-Second Civics is supported by private donations. You can help keep the podcasts coming by donating, buying an ebook, or by writing a nice review in iTunes to help others discover the show. We love our listeners. You are the reason we created the podcast. Thank you for your kind support!

Music:
The theme music for 60-Second Civics is provided by Cheryl B. Engelhardt. You can find her online at cbemusic.com. The song featured on the podcast is Cheryl B. Engelhardt's "Complacent Pretending," which you purchase on iTunes, along with all of Cheryl's music.



60-Second Civics: Episode 3586, State Constitutional Amendments
State constitutional amendments often reflect state responses to policy debates occurring throughout the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3585, State Constitutions
Since the first state constitutions were adopted in 1776, state constitutional conventions have resulted in new constitutions being adopted some 144 times.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3584, Home Rule
From the Gilded Age to Dillon's Rule: How local governments have changed over time.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3583, Municipal Governments
There are three broad categories of local governments in the United States: Counties, municipalities, and special districts.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3582, County Governments
State constitutions give legislatures power to create local governments, which receive charters, or grants of authority, to carry out a wide range of governmental responsibilities.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3581, Lieutenant Governors
Lieutenant governors have been considered the fifth wheel of American politics. In reality, they have important responsibilities.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3580, State Executive and Legislative Branches
Learn about the executive and legislative branches of state government on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3579, State Legislatures
Every state has executive, legislative and judicial branches.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3578, State Bills of Rights
State constitutions have a lot in common.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3577, The Police Powers of States
Learn about the police powers of states on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3576, Police Powers Explained
What are the police powers of a state? Hint: they involve more than policing.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3575, States Play an Important Role
States play an important role in the structure and operation of the U.S. government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3574, States and the National Government
State governments and reserved powers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3573, Changing the Size of the Supreme Court
Congress can change the size of the Supreme Court.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3572, Kelo v. New London
Kelo v. New London and eminent domain.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3571, Five Rules of Justiciability
Do you know the five rules of justiciability? You will after this podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3570, Limiting the Role of Judges
The Framers of the Constitution wanted federal courts to have limited jurisdiction.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3569, Congress and States Check the Supreme Court
Both Congress and the states can check the power of the Supreme Court.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3568, Presidents and Enforcement of Supreme Court Decisions
Sometimes, presidents balk at having to enforce Supreme Court decisions.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3567, Presidential Influence Over the Supreme Court
How do Supreme Court justices get nominated? Find out on today's episode.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3566, Limits on the Power of the Supreme Court
Are there limits on the power of the Supreme Court? We find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3565, Fundamental Principles and Modernism
Today we look at the fundamental principles and modernism approaches to constitutional interpretation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3564, Strict Construction and Original Intent
Today we examine the strict construction and original intent methods of constitutional interpretation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3563, Written Opinions of the Supreme Court
Today we learn about the function of written opinions of the Supreme Court.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3562, Debate Over Interpretation
Scalia and Breyer's views on how the Constitution should be interpreted.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3561, Writs of Certiorari
What is a writ of certiorari? Find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3560, Appellate Jurisdiction
Do you know the difference between original and appellate jurisdiction?

60-Second Civics: Episode 3559, Original and Appellate Jurisdiction
Learn about the appellate and original jurisdiction on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3558, Federal Courts
Today we present a one-minute overview the powers of federal courts under Article III of the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3557, The Public as Watchdogs
The public can serve as watchdogs of administrative agencies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3556, Courts and Federalism Check Administrative Agencies
The courts and our federal system check the power of administrative agencies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3555, Congressional Oversight of Administrative Agencies
The president has appointment powers, but Congress has the power to oversee administrative agencies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3554, Checks on the Powers of Administrative Agencies
Today we learn about checks on the power of administrative agencies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3553, Patronage vs. Civil Service
In general, public employees can't be fired for refusing to support the political party in power.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3552, Political Appointees
Political appointees are a powerful resource for incoming presidents.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3551, Civil Service Reform
The civil service system has been reformed several times.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3550, Creation of the Civil Service
How was the civil service created? The answer might surprise you.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3549, Bureaucracy
More on the bureaucracy.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3548, Expanding and Contracting Bureaucracy
Sometimes, the bureaucracy shrinks. Learn about the expanding and shrinking of federal agencies on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3547, The Growth of Bureaucracy
What has caused the federal bureaucracy to grow over time? Find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3546, Limits on the Power of Administrative Agencies
Administrative agencies are powerful, but their power is limited. Find out how on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3545, Powerful Administrative Agencies
Administrative agencies are powerful. Find out why on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3544, Independent Agencies
Independent Agencies created by Congress have quasi-legislative and judicial powers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3543, Executive Office of the President
What is the Executive Office of the President? Find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3542, Executive Departments
Today we begin our exploration of the national bureaucracy.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3541, Administrative Agencies
Today we begin our series on the administrative agencies of the federal government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3540, The President and America's Reputation
Why is the president the preeminent figure in domestic and international politics? Find out on today's episode.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3539, Congress and the Presidency
What happens if there is a tie in the Electoral College? Find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3538, The Electoral College
How the Electoral College works.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3537, Differences Between Parliament and Congress
There are critical differences between Parliament and Congress. Learn what these are on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3536, Parliament and the Prime Minister
How do Parliament and the prime minister differ from the American system? Find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3535, Congress and the Supreme Court Limit the President
Congress, the Supreme Court, and public opinion limit the power of the president.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3534, Congress Can Limit a President's Power
Congress has a number of ways to limit the power of presidents.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3533, Checks and Balances on the President's Power
The president's power is limited. Learn how on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3532, Executive Orders
Why have executive orders increased in recent years? Find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3531, Recommending Legislation to Congress (rebroadcast)
Find out about the president's role in lawmaking on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3530, The Balance of Power (rebroadcast)
Power has been drifting toward the president at the expense of Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3529, Congress and the Court reign in the president
Can Congress and the Supreme Court reign in the power of the president? You bet.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3528, Presidential Power in Emergency and Crisis
What does the Constitution say about presidential powers during emergencies or crisis? The answer may surprise you.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3527, Wars, Emergencies, and FDR (rebroadcast)
With the support of Congress, FDR responded to the multiple crises that occurred during his administration.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3526, Diplomat in Chief (rebroadcast)
How is the president America's diplomat in chief? Find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3525, The President and Treaties (rebroadcast)
The president can make treaties with the approval of two-thirds of the Senate.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3524, The President As Commander in Chief (rebroadcast)
The president is commander in chief, but only Congress can declare war.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3523, The President and Foreign Affairs (rebroadcast)
The president's power is at its greatest when it comes to foreign affairs.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3522, The President As Leader in Foreign Policy
The president has a number of important powers, but the president's powers are limited in important ways.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3521, Franklin D. Roosevelt
Find out why Franklin D. Roosevelt was arguably the most influential president of the 20th century.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3520, Lincoln, Roosevelt, and Wilson (rebroadcast)
Lincoln, Roosevelt, and Wilson each contributed to the growth of presidential power.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3519, Jefferson and the Use of Presidential Power (rebroadcast)
Thomas Jefferson sought to be a model of republican simplicity.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3518, The Rise of Presidential Power (rebroadcast)
Some scholars trace the rise of the powerful modern presidency to Andrew Jackson.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3517, A Strong President, But Not Too Strong (rebroadcast)
The Framers of the Constitution wanted the president to be strong, but not too strong

60-Second Civics: Episode 3516, Above Partisan Politics (rebroadcast)
The Framers of the Constitution expected presidents to be above partisan bickering. It didn't work out that way.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3515, A President's Inherent Powers (rebroadcast)
Today: some controversial inherent powers of presidents.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3514, Presidential Power and the Courts (rebroadcast)
Today we learn about Supreme Court Justice Robert Jackson's opinion in Youngstown Sheet vs. Sawyer.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3513, Presidential Powers (rebroadcast)
Learn about some of the president's powers on today's 60-Second Civics.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3512, Examples of Impeachment (rebroadcast)
Seventeen national officers have been impeached since 1792.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3511, Impeachment (rebroadcast)
Any member of the House can initiate impeachment proceedings, but two-thirds of the Senate is required for removal from office.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3510, Investigations and the Balance of Power (rebroadcast)
Congress uses its powers of investigation most frequently when the majority are of a different party than the president.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3509, The Power to Investigate (rebroadcast)
Congress has conducted hundreds of investigations since 1792.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3508, The Authority of Congress to Conduct Investigations (rebroadcast)
Even though it's not mentioned in the Constitution, Congress has the authority to carry out investigations.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3507, Lobbying (rebroadcast)
Is lobbying dangerous for democracy? Learn about lobbying on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3506, The Role of Constituents (rebroadcast)
Constituents play a vital role in American government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3505, The Executive Branch as a Source for Laws (rebroadcast)
The president has the constitutional authority to recommend measures for congressional consideration.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3504, Ideas for Legislation (rebroadcast)
here is no shortage of sources of ideas for legislation available to members of Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3503, Congress and Individual Rights (rebroadcast)
Today we learn about the role of Congress in protecting individual rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3502, Lawmaking, Part 5: Persistence and compromise (rebroadcast)
Lawmaking requires compromise.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3501, Lawmaking, Part 4: Conference committees and the veto (rebroadcast)
What happens when the House and Senate versions differ? Find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3500, Lawmaking, Part 3: The committee vote (rebroadcast)
What happens when a bill is passed by one chamber of Congress? Find out on today's episode.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3499, Lawmaking, Part 2: Mark-up sessions (rebroadcast)
How do congressional committees work? Find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3498, Lawmaking, Part 1: Introducing a bill (rebroadcast)
Today we begin a brief series on how laws are made.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3497, Bills and Resolutions (rebroadcast)
Today on the podcast: simple, joint, and concurrent resolutions.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3496, President Pro Tempore (rebroadcast)
Today we learn about the president pro tempore of the Senate and the majority whip of the House.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3495, Senate Leadership (rebroadcast)
Today we learn about the vice president's role in the Senate.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3494, Office of Speaker in England and America (rebroadcast)
Today we contrast the speaker of the House of Commons with that of the House of Representatives.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3493, Leadership in the House vs. the Senate (rebroadcast)
The House and Senate have different leadership structures.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3492, A Powerful Speaker of the House (rebroadcast)
The Speaker of the House is a powerful position.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3491, Influence of Political Parties on Congress (rebroadcast)
Political parties have sway in Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3490, Senate Rules (rebroadcast)
The Senate has rules, too. Learn about some of these on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3489, Rules for House Committees (rebroadcast)
Rules, rules, rules. Your mom has them, your school has them, even the House of Representatives has them.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3488, The purpose of congressional committees (rebroadcast)
The careful, deliberative work of Congress often occurs during committee meetings.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3487, Congressional committees (rebroadcast)
Today we start our series on how Congress performs its functions in the American constitutional system.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3486, Casework and legislation (rebroadcast)
On today's podcast, we learn how members of Congress serve the public.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3485, Communication with constituents (rebroadcast)
On today's episode, we learn about how members of Congress communicate with their constituents.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3484, Delegate vs. trustee theory of representation (rebroadcast)
Today on the podcast: the delegate vs. trustee theory of representation

60-Second Civics: Episode 3483, The size of Congress
How large is the U.S. Congress compared to other national legislatures? Find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3482, Congress composed of 535 legislators
Today we learn about the size of Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3481, Gerrymandering
Today, it's everyone's least favorite political practice: gerrymandering.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3480, One person, one vote
Today we learn about the one person, one vote rule.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3479, Legislative districts
What can you do if you don't like the way your congressional district is drawn? Find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3478, Congress represents the people and the states.
Both the people and the states have a voice in Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3477, Inherent powers
The power to conduct investigations and compel testimony goes back to Parliament and the colonial legislatures.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3476, Enforcement powers
The enforcement powers of Congress have been used to enact sweeping civil rights, voting rights, and voting laws.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3475, Necessary and proper
The necessary and proper clause was controversial from the start.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3474, Congress and administrative agencies
Congress can both create and oversee administrative agencies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3473, Implied powers of Congress
Today on 60-Second Civics, McCulloch v. Maryland and the implied powers of Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3472, More enumerated powers of Congress
Today on the podcast, more enumerated powers of Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3471, Enumerated powers of Congress
Today we learn about enumerated powers of Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3470, How the Bill of Rights limits Congress
On today's episode, learn two ways that the Bill of Rights limits Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3469, How the Framers limited the power of Congress
The Framers of the Constitution mistrusted concentrations of power in government, so they sought to limit the power of Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3468, Federalism in the United States
Congress is not only legislature in the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3467, Lengths of terms of parliamentarians and members of Congress
Elections to the UK Parliament can occur at irregular intervals, but members of Congress are elected at regular intervals.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3466, Congress is one of three coequal branches
Congress is one of three coequal branches of the U.S. government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3465, Parliamentary government prohibited
The Constitution forbids establishment of a parliamentary system for the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3464, Congress vs. Parliament
Today we compare Congress with Parliament.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3463, The House of Commons
Today we learn about the House of Commons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3462, The House of Lords
Today we learn about the House of Lords.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3461, The Townshend Acts
On today's podcast, we learn about the Townshend Acts, and the response to these laws by the Daughters of Liberty.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3460, The Stamp Act Congress
The Stamp Act Congress affirmed the colonists' desire that "no taxes be imposed on them ... but with their own consent."

60-Second Civics: Episode 3459, The Sons of Liberty
On today's podcast, we learn about the surprising source of inspiration for the Sons of Liberty: an Anglo-Irish member of Parliament.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3458, The Stamp and Quartering Acts
On today's podcast, we learn more about the Stamp and Quartering Acts, and why the colonists objected to them.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3457, The Stamp Act
Today we learn about the Stamp Act, a very unpopular British law.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3456, The Sugar Act
The Sugar Act hurt the rum industry in the American colonies, stirring up more colonial resentment of British taxation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3455, The Proclamation of 1763 Rankles Colonists
Britain's Proclamation of 1763 was the first in a series of actions that angered American colonists, ultimately leading the Revolutionary War.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3454, Salutary Neglect Is Abandoned, Causing Discontent in America
After the Seven Years War, Britain abandoned its policy of "salutary neglect." This was not popular in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3453, Supreme Court Decisions about the General Welfare Clause
Even today, Americans disagree over the spending powers of Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3452, Controversy over the General Welfare Clause
The Federalists and Anti-Federalists clashed over the interpretation of the general welfare clause.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3451, The Meaning of the "General Welfare"
What does the general welfare clause of the Constitution mean? Today we provide some answers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3450, Shays' Rebellion and the U.S. Constitution
Today we learn some of the results of Shays' Rebellion.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3449, Farmers Demand Relief from Debt after the Revolution
Farmers faced increasing debts after the American Revolution. Land was confiscated and farmers faced prison for failing to pay their debts. This led to social disorder.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3448, Social Disorder After the Revolutionary War (rebroadcast)
Decreased demand for agricultural products caused social disorder in the early American republic.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3447, Domestic Tranquility
How does the Constitution support "domestic tranquility"? Find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3446, Corrective Justice
Corrective justice has one principal goal: the fair correction of a wrong or injury.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3445, Procedural Justice
On today's podcast, we learn about the concept of procedural justice.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3444, Distributive Justice
On today's podcast, we learn about the concept of distributive justice.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3443, Pursuing Happiness As an Inalienable Right
According to the Declaration of Independence, you have the right to pursue happiness. No one can take that away from you.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3442, What the "Pursuit of Happiness" Is
Today we further explore concept of the "pursuit of happiness" and learn how to help decide what is truly in our self-interest.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3441, The Pursuit of Happiness
What exactly is the "pursuit of happiness"?

60-Second Civics: Episode 3440, An Explanation of Inalienable Rights
Today, we break down the term "inalienable rights."

60-Second Civics: Episode 3439, The Meaning of "Inalienable Rights"
What does it mean to have inalienable rights? We find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3438, The Meaning of "Inalienable Rights"
What does it mean to have inalienable rights? We find out on today's podcast.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3437, Equality and the American Mind
On today's 60-Second Civics, we learn how the idea of universal human equality spread in the colonies and early republic.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3436, Stoicism, Christianity, and Moral Equality
The idea of universal human equality traveled from Stoicism to Christianity and influenced the writers of the Declaration of Independence and the Framers of the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3435, The Intellectual Origins of Americans' Sense of Political Equality
On today's podcast, we learn about some of the intellectual influences behind Americans' sense of political quality.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3434, "All Men Are Created Equal"
Today, we learn what Thomas Jefferson meant by the words "all men are created equal."

60-Second Civics: Episode 3433, The American Creed
Today we learn about Thomas Jefferson's idea of the American creed.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3432, Why Americans Held "These Truths to Be Self-Evident"
On today's podcast, we learn how Americans thought about their rights at the time of independence.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3431, The Meaning of "Self-Evident Truths" in the Declaration
On today's podcast, we learn about some of the "self-evident truths" contained in the Declaration of Independence.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3430, Americans' Fundamental Ideals, Values, and Principles
Today on the podcast, we learn about the Declaration of Independence and Constitution as sources of Americans' fundamental political ideals, values, and principles.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3429, Elections in Colonial America and the Early Republic
On today's podcast, we explore the ways elections were conducted during the early years of the republic and the colonial era.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3428, Qualifying to Vote in Early America
The qualifications to vote might sound strange to us now, but they made sense to colonial Americans.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3427, Voting Rights in Colonial America
Learn about colonial America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3426, Representative Democracy in Colonial America
Learn about colonial America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3425, The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Learn about the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3424, The Massachusetts Body of Liberties
Learn about written guarantees of rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3423, Written Guarantees of Rights
Today's episode features the tradition of written guarantees of rights in the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3422, Slavery in Colonial America
In the American colonies, a large portion of the population was slaves who were brought against their will.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3421, Indentured Servitude in Colonial America
Learn about indentured servants.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3420, The Southern Colonies
Today's episode features the Southern Colonies, highlighting their differences from the Northern and Middle Colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3419, The Middle Colonies
Today we discover the Middle Colonies, which were more culturally diverse and cosmopolitan than the New England colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3418, The New England Colonies
On today's episode, we explore the New England colonies, which were rich in natural resources and were in some cases founded by people fleeing religious persecution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3417, The Mayflower Compact
Learn about the Pilgrims and the Mayflower.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3416, The Voyage of the Mayflower
Learn about the Pilgrims and the Mayflower.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3415, The Jamestown Colony
Learn about the Jamestown colony.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3414, The Race to Colonize North America
Learn about colonization in North America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3413, Early English Settlements
Learn about settlements that the English began to develop in North America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3412, Early Settlement of North America
In this episode of 60-Second Civics, we discuss early European settlement of North America and explore Cahokia, a large and culturally important Native American settlement in what is today Southern Illinois.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3411, The British Constitution
Learn about important British documents.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3410, The Model Parliament of Edward I
Learn about Parliament.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3409, Simon de Montfort's Parliaments of 1265
Learn about Simon de Montfort.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3408, King Henry III and the Rise of Parliament
Learn about Simon de Montfort.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3407, The Significance of the Magna Carta
Learn about the Magna Carta.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3406, King John Agrees to the Magna Carta
Learn about the Magna Carta.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3405, The Charter of Liberties
Learn about the Charter of Liberties.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3404, Origins of the House of Commons
Learn about the Normans' judicial system.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3403, The Witan
Learn about the Witan.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3402, Writs and Courts of Equity
Learn about writs and English law.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3401, What the Norman Invasion Meant
Learn about the Normans.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3400, The Norman Invasion
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3399, The Anglo-Saxon Era and the Law
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3398, Anglo-Saxon Law
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3397, The Viking Impact on Britain
Learn about the vikings.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3396, Anglo-Saxon Society
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3395, The Anglo-Saxons Arrive in England
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3394, The Rise and Fall of Roman Britain
Learn about Roman Britain.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3393, Benjamin Franklin: Enlightenment Thinker
Learn about Benjamin Franklin.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3392, Reason and Observation
Learn about Enlightenment era thinkers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3391, The Enlightenment and the Founders
Learn about the Age of Enlightenment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3390, The Emergence of Capitalism
Learn about capitalism.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3389, Humanism Shapes the Renaissance
Learn about humanism.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3388, The Peace of Westphalia
Learn about the Peace of Westphalia.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3387, The Reformation and the Rise to the Modern Nation-State
Learn about the Renaissance.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3386, The Protestant Reformation
Learn about the Protestant Reformation.