Lesson 35: How Have Civil Rights Movements Resulted in Fundamental Political and Social Change in the United States?
de facto segregation
Racial separation not mandated by law.de jure segregation
Racial separation mandated by law.civil disobedience
The nonviolent refusal to obey laws that citizens regard as unjust or in protest of specific public policy.civil rights
The rights belonging to an individual by virtue of citizenship. In the United States, the term refers especially to the fundamental freedoms and privileges guaranteed by the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution
and by subsequent acts of Congress. These include civil liberties, due process, equal protection of the laws, and freedom from discrimination. See
civil rights movement