60-Second Civics Print E-mail

Tuesday, October 23
Daily civics quiz


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Which important document reinforced the idea that Britain was a country governed by the rule of law?

a. English Bill of Rights
b. Petition of Right of 1628
c. Magna Carta
d. American Constitution

Listen to today's podcast:



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About the Podcast: 60-Second Civics is a daily podcast that provides a quick and convenient way for listeners to learn about our nation’s government, the Constitution, and our history. The podcast explores themes related to civics and government, the constitutional issues behind the headlines, and the people and ideas that formed our nation’s history and government.

60-Second Civics is produced by the Center for Civic Education. The show's content is primarily derived from the Center’s education for democracy curricula, including We the People: The Citizen and the Constitution, Foundations of Democracy, and Elements of Democracy.

Subscribe: It's easy to subscribe! Listen on iTunes or Stitcher or subscribe via RSS.

Get Involved: Join the conversation about each episode on Twitter. Or you can contact the show by emailing Mark Gage. Let me know what you think!

You Can Help: 60-Second Civics is supported by private donations. You can help keep the podcasts coming by donating, buying an ebook, or by writing a nice review in iTunes to help others discover the show. We love our listeners. You are the reason we created the podcast. Thank you for your kind support!

Music:
The theme music for 60-Second Civics is provided by Cheryl B. Engelhardt. You can find her online at cbemusic.com. The song featured on the podcast is Cheryl B. Engelhardt's "Complacent Pretending," which you purchase on iTunes, along with all of Cheryl's music.



60-Second Civics: Episode 3411, The British Constitution
Learn about important British documents.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3410, The Model Parliament of Edward I
Learn about Parliament.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3409, Simon de Montfort's Parliaments of 1265
Learn about Simon de Montfort.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3408, King Henry III and the Rise of Parliament
Learn about Simon de Montfort.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3407, The Significance of the Magna Carta
Learn about the Magna Carta.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3406, King John Agrees to the Magna Carta
Learn about the Magna Carta.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3405, The Charter of Liberties
Learn about the Charter of Liberties.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3404, Origins of the House of Commons
Learn about the Normans' judicial system.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3403, The Witan
Learn about the Witan.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3402, Writs and Courts of Equity
Learn about writs and English law.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3401, What the Norman Invasion Meant
Learn about the Normans.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3400, The Norman Invasion
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3399, The Anglo-Saxon Era and the Law
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3398, Anglo-Saxon Law
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3397, The Viking Impact on Britain
Learn about the vikings.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3396, Anglo-Saxon Society
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3395, The Anglo-Saxons Arrive in England
Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3394, The Rise and Fall of Roman Britain
Learn about Roman Britain.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3393, Benjamin Franklin: Enlightenment Thinker
Learn about Benjamin Franklin.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3392, Reason and Observation
Learn about Enlightenment era thinkers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3391, The Enlightenment and the Founders
Learn about the Age of Enlightenment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3390, The Emergence of Capitalism
Learn about capitalism.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3389, Humanism Shapes the Renaissance
Learn about humanism.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3388, The Peace of Westphalia
Learn about the Peace of Westphalia.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3387, The Reformation and the Rise to the Modern Nation-State
Learn about the Renaissance.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3386, The Protestant Reformation
Learn about the Protestant Reformation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3385, The Renaissance and the Start of the Reformation
Learn about changing societies in Europe.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3384, The Rebirth of Europe During the Renaissance
Learn about the Renaissance.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3383, Society in Medieval Europe
Learn about society in Medieval Europe.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3382, Feudal Europe
Learn about feudalism in Europe.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3381, The Judeo-Christian Tradition
Learn about

60-Second Civics: Episode 3380, Inequality and Natural Rights
Learn about natural rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3379, Popular Sovereignty Is a Fundamental Idea of Democracy
Learn about popular sovereignty.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3378, Popular Sovereignty and the American Colonies
Learn about popular sovereignty.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3377, Individual Rights and the American Colonies
Learn about natural rights philosophy.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3376, John Locke's Conception of Natural Rights
Learn about John Locke's ideas and writings.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3375, Thomas Hobbes and "Leviathan"
Learn about natural rights philosophy.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3374, Natural Rights Philosophy in the Declaration of Independence
Learn about the ideas in the Declaration of Independence.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3373, Civic Virtue, Moral Education, and Small, Uniform Communities
Learn about classical republican thinking.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3372, Structure of Roman Republican Government
Learn about the Roman Republican Government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3371, Moral Education in the American Colonies
Learn about what moral education in the American colonies looked like.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3370, Cicero and the American Founders
Learn about Cicero's values.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3369, Cincinnatus and George Washington
Learn about Cincinnatus.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3368, Cato as an Example of Civic Virtue
Learn about Cato.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3367, The Role of Citizens in Classical Republics
Learn about the ancient republics.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3366, Small, Uniform Communities in Classical Republicanism
Learn about Aristotle's views on government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3365, The Roman Republic: An Example and a Warning
Learn about classical republicanism.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3364, Classical Republicanism
Learn about classical republicanism.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3363, The Roman Republic
Learn about the Roman republic.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3362, The Problem with Constitutional Government
Learn about constitutional government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3361, Popular Sovereignty and Higher Law
Learn about popular sovereignty.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3360, Constitutional Government Is Limited Government
Learn about constitutions.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3359, What Is a Constitution?
Learn about constitutions.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3358, The Founders Favored Representative Government
Learn about the Founders' opinions on representative government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3357, James Madison on the Term "Republic"
Learn about the evolving definition of a republic.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3356, The Mixed Constitution
Learn about the origins of the ideas in a mixed constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3355, Why Aristotle Wasn't a Fan of Direct Democracy
The past taught Aristotle that direct democracy wasn't the best form of government, at least for ancient Greeks.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3354, Aristotle's Right and Corrupt Forms of Government
Today we learn about Aristotle's solution for stable government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3353, Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Functions
Learn about the functions of government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3352, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
Learn about natural rights philosophers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3351, Lessons from History informed the Constitution
Learn about influences on American government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3350, Lessons from Classical Philosophy
Learn about

60-Second Civics: Episode 3349, Self-government in Virginia
Learn about Virginia's House of Burgesses

60-Second Civics: Episode 3348, William Blackstone
Learn about William Blackstone's writings.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3347, Influences on the American Founders
Learn about the American Founders.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3346, American Trades and Land Speculation
Learn about the American colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3345, Agriculture in Colonial America
Learn about the American colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3344, The Diversity of the American Colonies
Learn about the population of the American colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3343, Native Americans and Colonial America
Learn about Native Americans.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3342, A Land of Opportunity
Learn about

60-Second Civics: Episode 3341, Portraits of Some American Founders
Learn about the Founders.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3340, The American Founders
Learn about the Founders.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3339, We the People: An Adventure in Ideas
Learn about the ideas that influenced the Founders.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3338, Supreme Court Decisions about the General Welfare Clause
Learn about the general welfare clause.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3337, Controversy over the General Welfare Clause
Learn about the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3334, Farmers Demand Relief from Debt after the Revolution
Learn about farmers after the Revolutionary War.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3333, Social Disorder after the Revolutionary War
Learn about social disorder after the Revolutionary War.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3332, Domestic Tranquility
Learn about domestic tranquility.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3331, Corrective Justice
Learn about corrective justice.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3330, Procedural Justice
Learn about procedural justice.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3329, Distributive Justice
Learn about distributive justice.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3327, What the "Pursuit of Happiness" Is
Learn about the pursuit of happiness.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3326, The Pursuit of Happiness
Learn about the inalienable rights listed in the Declaration of Independence.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3325, An Explanation of Inalienable Rights
Learn about inalienable rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3324, Inalienable Rights in the Virginia Declaration of Rights
Learn about inalienable rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3323, The Meaning of "Unalienable Rights"
Learn about unalienable rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3322, Equality and the American Mind
Learn about ideas on equality.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3321, The Intellectual Origins of Americans' Sense of Moral Equality
Learn about the fundamental principles of America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3320, The Intellectual Origins of Americans' Sense of Political Equality
Learn about the fundamental principles of America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3319, "All Men Are Created Equal"
Learn about the fundamental principles of America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3318, The American Creed
Learn about the fundamental principles of America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3317, Why Americans Held "These Truths to Be Self-evident"
Learn more about self-evident truths.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3316, The Meaning of "Self-Evident Truths" in the Declaration of Independence
Learn more about self-evident truths.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3315, America's Fundamental Ideals, Values, and Principles
Today we begin a series on America's fundamental ideals, values, and principles.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3314, International Context of Twenty-sixth Amendment
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3313, Shootings Gave Twenty-sixth Amendment Renewed Urgency
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3312, "Old Enough to Fight, Old Enough to Vote"
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3311, Cultural Context of the Twenty-sixth Amendment
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3310, Oregon v. Mitchell Sets Back the Push to Lower the Voting Age
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3309, How the Vietnam War Spurred the Twenty-sixth Amendment
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3308, The Twenty-sixth Amendment
Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3307, International Context to the Twenty-second Amendment
Learn about World War II.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3306, The Power of the American Presidency
Learn about the office of the president.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3305, The Custom of a Two-Term Limit
Learn about two-term limits on the president.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3304, Political Equality as a Fundamental Principle
Learn about political equality.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3303, Roosevelt and the Great Depression
Learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3302, Distrust of Executive Power
Learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3301, Roosevelt Breaks with Custom
Learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3300, War at the Start of Roosevelt's Third Term
Learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3299, The Twenty-second Amendment
Learn about the Twenty-second Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3298, Women's Suffrage Expands Worldwide
Learn about the fight for women's suffrage.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3297, The Sentinels of Liberty
Learn about the fight for women's suffrage.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3296, Violence Against Women's Suffrage
Learn about the suffrage movement.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3295, Women's Suffrage Associations
Learn about the suffrage movement.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3294, A Fractured Suffrage Movement
Learn about the suffrage movement.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3293, The Growing Women's Movement of the Late 1800s
Learn about the push for women's rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3292, The Seneca Falls Convention
Learn about women's suffrage.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3291, The Roots of Women's Suffrage
Learn about women's suffrage.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3290, The Emerging Role of Women
Learn about women in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3289, Women's Role in the American Economy Gradually Changes
Learn about women in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3288, Women Gain the Right to Vote
Learn about women's suffrage.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3287, World War I Increases Demands for Women??s Suffrage
Learn about women's right to vote.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3286, Suffragists
Learn about women's right to vote.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3285, The Nineteenth Amendment
Learn about women's right to vote.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3284, International Prohibition Movements
Learn about international prohibition.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3283, The Rise and Fall of Prohibition
Learn about prohibition.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3282, Societal Changes During Prohibition
Learn about changes in American society.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3281, Prohibition Changed American Society
Learn about changes in American society.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3280, The Prohibition Era Begins
Learn about prohibition in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3279, A Decade of Social Experiment
Learn about changing times in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3278, The Prohibition Era
Learn about the Prohibition era.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3277, The Eighteenth Amendment
Learn about the Prohibition era.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3276, International Abolition of Slavery
Learn about slavery in the world.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3275, Northern Reaction to the Emancipation Proclamation
Learn about the Emancipation Proclamation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3274, The Emancipation Proclamation
Learn about the Emancipation Proclamation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3273, Abolitionists, Free Soilers, and Emancipation
Learn about Americans opinions on slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3272, "If Slavery Is Not Wrong, Nothing Is Wrong"
Learn about President Abraham Lincoln.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3271, The Corwin Amendment
Learn about the Corwin Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3270, Abolition Movements in the United States
Learn about slavery in the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3269, Early Anti-Slavery Movements in America
Learn about slavery in the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3268, Slavery Contradicted America's Founding Principles
Learn about slavery in the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3267, Economic Context of the Civil War
Learn about the Civil War.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3264, The Civil War Amendments
Learn about the Civil War Amendments.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3263, Freedom of the Press around the World
Learn about the press in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3262, The English Roots of American Freedom of the Press
Learn about the press in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3261, Freedom of the Press and New Forms of Communication
Learn about the press in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3260, The Growing Power of Media
Learn about the press in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3259, The Importance of Freedom of the Press in the Early Republic
Learn about freedom of the press.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3258, Prior Restraint
Learn about prior restraint.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3257, New York Times v. Sullivan
Learn about New York Times v. Sullivan.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3256, The Alien and Sedition Acts
Learn about the Alien and Sedition Acts.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3255, Libel vs. Slander
Learn about libel and slander.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3254, The Zenger Case
Learn about the First Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3253, Freedom of the Press, an Introduction
Learn about the First Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3252, A Just and a Lasting Peace
Learn about Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3251, Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address
Learn about the Gettysburg Address.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3250, Abraham Lincoln and America's Founding Principles
Learn about Lincoln's political sentiments.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3249, The Thirteenth Amendment
Learn about the thirteenth amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3246, Lincoln Takes Strong Action against the Rebellion
Learn about President Lincoln and the writ of habeas corpus.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3245, Suspending the Writ of Habeas Corpus During the Civil War
Chief Justice Roger B. Taney rules against Abraham Lincoln's aggressive use of war powers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3244, The Prize Cases
The Prize Cases posed a constitutional test of Abraham Lincoln's use of war powers during an emergency.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3243, Congress Approves Lincoln's Actions
Critics opposed Abraham Lincoln of trampling on the Constitution, but he thought his actions were needed to save both the Union and the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3242, Lincoln Takes Immediate Action Against the Confederacy
Abraham Lincoln acted swiftly when the Civil War began, but some people thought he had gone too far.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3241, The Civil War Begins
Abraham Lincoln faced a tough first year in office: secession and war plagued the nation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3240, Abraham Lincoln Elected President
Lincoln lost his campaign for the Senate, but won the presidency two years later.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3239, Abraham Lincoln Opposes the Kansas-Nebraska Act
The Kansas-Nebraska Act brought Abraham Lincoln back into politics and pushed the country closer to civil war.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3238, Abraham Lincoln Begins His Political Career
Despite having less than one year of formal education, Abraham Lincoln became a lawyer and launched his political career.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3237, Abraham Lincoln's Early Life
Today we kick off a brief series on Abraham Lincoln.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3236, The Legacy of George Mason
On today's podcast, we learn about the legacy of George Mason, America's forgotten founder.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3235, Virginia Ratifies the Constitution
Despite George Mason's objections, Virginia ratified the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3234, George Mason at the Virginia Ratification Convention
George Mason made one fateful error at the Virginia Ratification Convention.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3233, George Mason Refuses to Sign the Constitution
Why didn't the Founders add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution at first?

60-Second Civics: Episode 3232, George Mason Proposes the Bill of Rights
On today's podcast, George Mason opens Pandora's Box during the final days of the Philadelphia Convention.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3231, Bernard Bailyn on Slavery in the Founding Period
Learn about slavery in the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3230, The New York Manumission Society
Learn about the New York Manumission Society.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3229, Slavery in the North
Learn about slavery in the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3228, Providence Punishes National Sins by National Calamities
Learn about the Founders and slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3227, George Mason's Attack on Slavery
Learn about the Founders and slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3226, Jefferson and Madison on Slavery
Learn about the Founders and slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3225, Mason and Washington on Slavery
Learn about two Founders' views on slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3224, Frequent Recurrence to Fundamental Principles
Learn about the Virginia Declaration of Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3223, Important Principles in the Virginia Declaration of Rights
Learn about the Virginia Declaration of Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3222, The Virginia Declaration of Rights
Learn about the Virginia Declaration of Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3221, The Most Influential Constitutional Document in American History
Learn about George Mason.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3220, The Fairfax Resolves
Learn about George Mason.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3219, George Mason's Early Life
Learn about George Mason.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3218, George Mason, the Reluctant Statesman
Learn about George Mason.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3217, George Mason, America's Forgotten Founder
Learn about George Mason.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3216, George Washington's Rules of Civility
Learn about George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3215, George Washington's Views on Slavery
Learn about George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3214, George Washington Warns Against Party and Faction
Learn about George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3213, How George Washington Established the Authority of the Presidency
Learn about George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3212, George Washington Relied on the Advice of Others
Learn about George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3211, George Washington as President
Learn about George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3210, George Washington, the Reluctant President
Learn about George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3209, A Strong Executive
Learn about George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3208, George Washington on Patriotism
Learn about George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3207, Washington's Support for Civilian Control of Government
Learn about George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3206, The Newburgh Conspiracy
Learn about the Newburgh Conspiracy.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3205, George Washington the Soldier
Learn about George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3204, George Washington's Early Life
Learn about George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3203, James Madison and the Bill of Rights
Learn about James Madison.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3202, Madison Supports Freedom of Religion in Virginia
Learn about James Madison.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3201, James Madison as a Champion for Religious Freedom
Learn about James Madison.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3200, James Madison Fears About Slavery
Learn about James Madison's opinions on slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3199, James Madison on Slavery
Learn about James Madison's opinions on slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3198, James Madison's Evolving Opinion of Political Parties
Learn about Madison's views on political parties.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3197, Mr. Madison's Party
Learn about James Madison's political party.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3196, James Madison on Partisan Politics
Learn about Madison's views on partisanship.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3195, If Men Were Angels, No Government Would Be Needed
Learn about the separation of powers in government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3194, James Madison's Federalist 10
Learn about James Madison.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3193, James Madison's Federalist Essays
Learn about James Madison.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3192, James Madison, the Convention's Most Active Delegate
Learn about James Madison.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3191, James Madison's Views Did Not Always Prevail
Learn about James Madison.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3190, James Madison Drafts the Virginia Plan
Learn about James Madison.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3189, James Madison, Scholar and Politician
Learn about James Madison.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3188, James Madison's Early Career
Learn about James Madison.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3187, James Madison, Father of the Constitution
Learn about James Madison.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3186, Participation in Government
Learn about citizens participating in government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3183, Civic Participation
Learn about civic participation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3182, Citizenship as an Office of Government
Learn about citizens' roles.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3181, Civil Disobedience
Learn about civil disobedience.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3180, Responsibilities of Citizens
Learn about citizens and their responsibilities.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3179, Some Rights Can Be Limited
Learn about the limitation of rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3178, Personal, Political, and Economic Rights
Learn about types of rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3177, Legal Permanent Residents
Learn about living legally in a country.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3176, Citizenship
Learn about citizenship.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3175, The Spread of American Ideas
Learn about the spread of American ideas.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3174, Constitutional Powers to Deal With Other Countries
Learn about shared powers of U.S. government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3173, The United Nations
Learn about the United Nations.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3172, How Nations Interact
Learn about nations interactions with each other.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3171, International Law
Learn about international law.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3170, Nation-States
Learn about nation-states.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3169, The Indispensable Foundation of Individual Freedom
Learn about rights of individuals.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3168, Due Process in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments
Learn about due process.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3167, Due Process of Law
Learn about due process.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3166, The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
Learn about the Civil Rights Movement.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3165, The Civil Rights Movement
Learn about Rosa Parks and other activists.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3164, Brown v. Board of Education
Learn about Brown v. Board of Education.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3163, Plessy v. Ferguson
Learn about Plessy v. Ferguson.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3162, Unfair Treatment of African Americans
Learn about segregation and discrimination in the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3161, Voting in the States
Learn about the voting in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3160, Voting Age Lowered to Eighteen
Learn about the voting age in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3159, Native Americans Gain the Right to Vote
Learn about voting rights in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3158, Women's Struggle for the Right to Vote
Learn about voting rights in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3157, The Long Struggle for Voting Rights for African Americans
Learn about voting rights in America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3156, The Right to Vote Denied to African Americans
Learn about voter suppression laws.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3155, Civil War Amendments
Learn about Civil War amendments.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3154, Dorr Rebellion
Learn about the Dorr Rebellion.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3153, The Right to Vote Severely Restricted in the Early Republic
Learn about the early right to vote.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3152, Religion in Public Education
Learn about religion in public education.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3151, Limits to Free Exercise of Religion
Learn about freedom of religion.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3150, Conflicts about Freedom of Religion
Learn about freedom of religion.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3149, Freedom of Religion
Learn about freedom of religion.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3148, Tinker v. Des Moines
Learn about Tinker v. Des Moines.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3147, Limits to Freedom of Expression
Learn about freedom of expression.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3146, How Freedom of Expression Benefits Democracy
Learn about freedom of expression.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3145, Two Benefits of Freedom of Expression
Learn about freedom of expression.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3144, Freedom of Expression
Learn about freedom of expression.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3143, How Supreme Court Justices Decide Cases
Learn about influences on Supreme Court justices.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3142, Modernism or Instrumentalism
Learn about the modernism method of interpreting the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3141, Fundamental Principles
Learn about the fundamental principles method of Constitutional interpretation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3140, Original Intent
Learn about the original intent method of Constitutional interpretation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3139, Textualism, Literalism, or Strict Construction
Learn about a strict construction method of interpreting the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3138, Four Methods of Constitutional Interpretation
Learn about interpreting the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3137, Marshall's Reasoning in the Marbury Case
Learn about the power of judicial review.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3136, Marbury v. Madison
Learn about the case of Marbury v. Madison.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3135, Judicial Review over State Governments
Learn about the supreme law of the land.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3134, Who Interprets the Constitution?
Learn about interpreting the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3133, Advantages of Political Parties
Learn about positive effects of political parties.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3132, The Revolution of 1800
Learn about the presidential election of 1800.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3131, The Alien and Sedition Acts
Learn about the Alien and Sedition Acts.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3130, John Jay's Unpopular Treaty
Learn about John Jay's treaty with Great Britain.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3129, Americans Take Sides in the War between France and Great Britain
Learn about the war between France and Great Britain.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3128, The Bank of the United States
Learn about the national bank.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3127, Hamilton's Idea for a National Bank
Learn about the finances of the new nation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3126, Hamilton vs. Jefferson
Learn about the differing views of Hamilton and Jefferson.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3125, The Rise of Political Parties
Learn about Framers and political parties.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3124, The Bill of Rights
Learn about the first ten amendments to the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3123, The Creation of the Judicial Branch
Learn about different levels of courts.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3122, Washington's Cabinet
Learn about Washington's cabinet.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3121, The Nation's First President
Learn about President George Washington.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3120, Compromise on a Bill of Rights
Learn about disagreements about a bill of rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3119, Would the National Government Have Too Much Power?
Learn about the powers of the national government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3118, Would the Constitution Maintain Republican Government?
Learn about disagreements about the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3117, Three Basic Disagreements over Ratification
Learn about disagreements between Federalists and Anti-Federalists.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3116, Meet the Anti-Federalists
Learn about the Anti-Federalists.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3115, Meet the Federalists
Learn about those who supported the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3114, Ratifying the Constitution
Learn about the special conventions that voted on the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3113, James Madison's Plan for Ratification
Learn about the ratification of the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3112, The Balance of Power
Learn about powers given to government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3111, The Supremacy Clause
Learn about the supremacy clause.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3110, Constitutional Limits on the Power of Government
Learn about powers distributed to governments.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3109, Federalism in Practice
Learn about a federal system of government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3108, Federalism
Learn about a federal system of government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3107, The People Are Sovereign
Learn about sovereignty.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3106, Unitary and Confederal Systems
Learn about types of government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3105, The Supremacy Clause
Learn about the hierarchy of law.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3104, Original and Appellate Jurisdiction
Learn about types of jurisdiction.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3103, The Judicial Branch
Learn about Article III of the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3102, Origin of the Electoral College
Learn about the electoral college.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3101, The Framers Debate How to Select a President
Learn about regulations on electing presidents.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3100, Impeachment
Learn about the process of impeachment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3099, The President Shares Power with Congress
Learn about shared powers in the national government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3098, The Powers of the Executive Branch
Learn about the executive branch.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3097, Checks on the Lawmaking Powers of Congress
Learn about checks and balances.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3096, Limits on the Power of Congress
Learn about the limits and powers of Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3095, General Powers of Congress
Learn about enumerated powers given to Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3094, Enumerated Powers
Learn about powers granted to the national government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3093, Describing the Powers of Congress
Learn about the language used in the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3092, The Problem With General Language in the Constitution
Learn about the debate over what powers to give Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3091, A Strong Government, But Not Too Strong
Learn about the Framers' feelings on a strong national government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3090, Weak Congress under the Articles of Confederation
Learn about the early legislative branch.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3089, Slavery Compromises Delayed Conflict
Learn about compromises allowing slavery to continue.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3088, Compromise on Tariffs and Slavery
Learn about compromises made on slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3087, The Dilemma Over Slavery
Learn about the debate on slavery.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3086, Conflict Over Tariffs at the Philadelphia Convention
Learn about the different opinions on tariffs.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3085, Economic Differences Between the North and South
Learn about the economies of the North and the South.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3084, One Person, One Vote in State Legislatures
Learn about representation in the legislature.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3083, The Compromise That Passed by One Vote
Learn about the Great Compromise.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3082, The Great Compromise
Learn about the compromise between the small and large states.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3081, The New Jersey Plan
Learn about the New Jersey Plan.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3080, Controversy over the Virginia Plan
Learn about what people disagreed on regarding the Virginia Plan.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3079, The Virginia Plan
Learn about a proposed plan for government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3078, The Conflict over Representation
Learn about conflicts over state representation in Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3077, Basic Principles of the U.S. Constitution
Learn about the goals of the Philadelphia Convention.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3076, Secrecy at the Philadelphia Convention
Learn about the agreement to secrecy by the Framers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3075, Gaining the Cooperation of Small States
Learn about the proceedings of the Philadelphia Convention.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3074, The Framers Agree to Write a New Constitution
Learn about the organization of the Constitutional Convention.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3073, Who Did Not Attend the Philadelphia Convention?
Learn about the men who did not attend the Philadelphia Convention.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3072, Franklin and Morris
Learn about two important Framers of the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3071, Madison and Washington
Learn about two important Framers of the Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3070, The Philadelphia Convention
Learn about the Philadelphia Convention of 1787.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3069, Shays' Rebellion
Learn about Shays' Rebellion.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3068, Financial Problems Foreshadow Shays' Rebellion
Learn about the problems of early America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3067, Property Rights Under Threat in the Early Republic
Learn about how people began to organize in the new government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3066, Trade Disputes in the Early Republic
Learn about how powers the national government did not have.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3065, Treatment of Loyalists Caused Problems with the British
Learn about what happened to Loyalists after the Revolutionary War.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3064, No Power to Tax Under the Articles
Learn about the weak national government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3063, Accomplishments under the Articles of Confederation
Learn about some of the positive work done under the Articles of Confederation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3062, How the Articles of Confederation Organized the National Government
Learn about the organization of the new national government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3061, Creating the Articles of Confederation
Learn about the Founders' considerations when creating a government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3060, The Need for a National Government
Learn about the creation of a national government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3059, Rights Protected in State Bills of Rights
Learn about the rights protected by states.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3058, The Virginia Declaration of Rights
Learn about the Virginia Declaration of Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3057, State Bills of Rights
Learn about declarations of rights at the state level.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3056, What Made the Massachusetts Constitution Different
Learn about the influence of the Massachusetts constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3055, The Massachusetts Constitution
Learn about the Massachusetts Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3054, Problems with Legislative Supremacy
Learn about the post-Revolutionary War state governments.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3053, More Basic Principles of State Constitutions
Learn about the foundational ideas of state government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3052, Basic Principles of State Constitutions
Learn about the foundational ideas of state government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3051, State Constitutions after the Revolution
Learn about the formation of state governments.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3050, Independence at Last
Learn about the end of the Revolutionary War.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3049, Eliza Lucas Pinckney
Learn about Eliza Lucas Pinckney.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3048, Setbacks for the American Cause
Learn about the struggles faced by Americans.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3047, French Support Helps Turn the Tide of the War
Learn about French aid to the United States.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3046, King John Agrees to the Magna Carta
Learn about the Magna Carta.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3045, The Battle of Saratoga
Learn about the Battle of Saratoga.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3044, The Battles of Trenton and Princeton
Learn about Washington crossing the Delaware River.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3043, Victory or Defeat?
Learn about early fighting of the Revolutionary War.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3042, Our Nation's First Constitution
The Articles of Confederation was our nation's first constitution, but it had its problems.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3041, The Shot Heard 'Round the World
Learn about the beginnings of the war.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3040, Loyalists in the American Revolution
Learn about divided opinions in the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3039, A Country Divided by Revolution
Learn about the beginning of the American Revolution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3038, An Absolute Tyranny
Learn about the wrongs of the Crown against the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3037, The Right to Revolution
Learn about the ideas in the Declaration of Independence.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3036, Natural Rights and the Declaration of Independence
Learn about the protection of natural rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3035, The Second Paragraph of the Declaration
Learn about the Declaration of Independence.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3034, How the Declaration of Independence Is Organized
Learn about the Declaration's organization.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3033, A New Nation
Learn about the Declaration of Independence.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3032, Writing the Declaration of Independence
Learn about the writing of the Declaration of Independence.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3031, A State of Rebellion
Learn about the beginning of the rebellion.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3030, The Revolutionary War Begins
Learn about the start of the Revolutionary War.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3029, The Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party
Learn about two revolutionary events in the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3028, The Sons and Daughters of Liberty
Learn about resistance groups in the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3027, Committees of Correspondence
Learn about how colonists began to organize against England.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3026, No Taxation Without Representation
Learn about growing unrest in the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3025, The Boston Tea Party
Learn about the Tea Act.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3024, The Stamp Act and the Quartering Act
Learn about laws Great Britain imposed on the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3023, The Sugar Act
Learn about the Sugar Act of 1764.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3022, Britain Tightens Its Grip on the Colonies
Learn about increased colonial regulation.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3021, Salutary Neglect
Learn about the hands-off approach of England governing the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3020, Government in the American Colonies
Learn about the structure of colonial government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3019, Features of the American Colonies
Learn about colonial government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3018, Government of the Thirteen Colonies
Learn about the beginning of the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3017, The English Bill of Rights
Learn about rights protected by the English Bill of Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3016, The Petition of Right
Learn about the Petition of Right of 1628.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3015, Parliament
Learn about Parliament.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3014, Impact of the Magna Carta
Learn about the influence of the Magna Carta.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3013, The Magna Carta
Learn about the ideas in the Magna Carta.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3012, Sharing of Power in the Feudal System
Learn about the structure of a feudal system.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3011, William the Conqueror
Learn about feudalism.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3010, English Law and the American Colonies
Learn about British government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3009, The Rights of Englishmen
Learn about rights granted to Englishmen.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3008, Checking the Power of Congress
Learn about checks on Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3007, Checks and Balances
Learn about the legislative branch.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3006, Three Branches of Government
Learn about the creation of the branches of government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3005, Divided and Balanced Power
Learn about the separated branches of government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3004, Constitutional Governments Limit Power
Learn about some protections of the American Constitution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3003, A Constitution Is a Higher Law
Learn about constitutional government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3002, What Constitutional Government Means
Learn about the definition of a constitutional government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3001, A Basic Introduction to Constitutions
Learn what a constitution is.

60-Second Civics: Episode 3000, Lessons from the Roman Republic
Learn about how the ideas of civic virtue influenced the Founders.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2999, Civic Virtue in the American Colonies
Learn about the spread of republican values.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2998, James Madison on Civic Virtue
Learn about James Madison's ideas.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2997, Civic Virtue Makes Republican Government Possible
Learn about the priorities of Roman and American government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2996, The American Cincinnatus
Learn about George Washington's civic virtue.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2995, Civic Virtue and Cincinnatus
Learn about the Roman hero, Cincinnatus.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2994, A Republic, Not a Direct Democracy
Learn about James Madison's views on republican government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2993, Republican Government vs. Direct Democracy
Learn about the differences between a republican government and a direct democracy.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2992, Would Republican Government Work in the Colonies?
Learn about how republican government functions best.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2991, More Advantages of Republican Government
Learn about how republican government works.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2990, Advantages of Representative Government
Learn about republican government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2989, Republican Government
Learn about government by citizens.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2988, The Social Contract
Learn about how social contracts regulate society.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2987, Life, Liberty, and Property
Learn about John Locke's natural rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2986, John Locke and the State of Nature
Learn about the basics of John Locke's ideas.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2985, John Locke and America's Founders
Learn about ideas on natural rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2984, Founders and Framers
Learn about influences on the Founders.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2983, Hardworking, Simple People
Learn about rights the colonists had before the Revolution.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2982, Not Everyone Was Allowed to Vote
Learn about voting in colonial America.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2981, Class Difference in the American Colonies
Learn about the economic classes in the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2980, Diverse American Colonies
Learn about the diversity of the colonists.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2979, Slavery in the American Colonies
Learn about slavery in the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2978, A High Standard of Living
Learn about the quality of life in the colonies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2977, Self-Sufficiency in the American Colonies
Learn about the lives of colonists.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2976, Cities and Farms in Colonial America
Learn about how colonists lived and worked.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2975, A Large Country
Learn about where Europeans settled.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2974, Early America
Learn about Native American tribes.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2973, Evaluating Our Commitment to Fundamental Principles
Learn about Founders' commitment to debate.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2972, Citizen Participation Is Required
Learn about the importance of our values.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2971, The Revolutions of 1989
Learn about revolutions against communism.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2970, Ideas Do Matter
Learn about the importance of ideas.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2969, Frequent Recurrence to Fundamental Principles
Learn about our country of ideas.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2968, Technology and Globalization
Learn about technology's affect on the global economy.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2967, Farther, Faster, Cheaper, and Deeper
Learn about the migration of workers internationally.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2966, Growth of World Trade
Learn about globalization.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2965, Influence Begins With Knowledge
Learn about America's role in the world.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2964, Your Power Over International Affairs
Learn about ways to engage internationally.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2963, How to Influence Foreign Policy
Learn about Americans' role in foreign policy.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2962, International Court of Justice
Learn about the World Court.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2961, Political Divisions Hamper the UN Security Council
Learn about global organizations and relations.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2960, America??s Prominent Role in the United Nations
Learn about global organizations and relations.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2959, Origins of the United Nations
Learn about the origins of the United Nations.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2958, The United Nations
Learn about the goals of the United Nations.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2957, The Amistad Case
Learn about the revolt on the Amistad vessel.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2956, Limitations of International Law
Learn about the limitations of international law.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2955, International Law and Individuals
Learn about individuals' relationship with international law.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2954, International Law
Learn about international law.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2953, The President's Authority Over Diplomacy
Learn about diplomatic relations with other countries.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2952, Historical Wrangling over the President's War Powers
Learn about war powers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2951, Treaty-Making Power and the States
Learn about how the states play a role in treaty-making.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2950, The Origin of Treaty-Making Powers
Learn about the origins of treaty-making powers.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2949, The Shared Power to Make Treaties
Learn about how treaties are made.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2948, Letters of Marque and Reprisal
Learn about letters of marque and reprisal.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2947, The War-Making Powers of Congress
Learn about the ability to declare war.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2946, Distrust of Standing Armies
Learn about the distrust of standing armies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2945, Powers of Congress to Deal with Other Nations
Learn about the powers of Congress.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2944, Is Isolationism a Realistic Option?
Learn about America's engagement with the world.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2943, A Strained Alliance with France
Learn about the United States' international relationships after becoming independent.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2942, International Involvement Is Inescapable
Learn about how countries lend each other assistance.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2941, International Relations
Learn about international relations.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2940, The Constitutional Convention as a Model of Civil Discourse
Learn about how delegates to the Constitutional Convention were civil.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2939, Civil Discourse
Learn about civil discourse in a democracy.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2938, The Role of Government
Learn about Americans' relationship with government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2937, Opportunities and Perils in the Information Age
Learn about social media's influence on civic awareness.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2936, Electronic Communications and Participation
Learn about technologies influence on citizens.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2935, A Nation of Immigrants
Learn about America's great diversity.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2934, E Pluribus Unum
Learn about the beginnings of a diverse society.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2933, Demographic Change
Learn about America's ever-evolving demography.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2932, Changing America
Learn about America's changing population.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2931, Two UN Covenants
Learn about covenants protecting human rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2930, The UN Declaration of Human Rights and Its Limitations
Learn about the limitations of the Declaration of Human Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2929, Extended Rights in the Universal Declaration
Learn about the strengthening of human rights in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2928, American Influence on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Learn about the American Influence on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2927, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Learn about the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2926, Universal Human Rights
Learn about the renewed focus on human rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2925, The Japanese Rights and Duties of the People
Learn about Japan's rights and duties of the people.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2924, Charters of Human Rights
Learn about some of the rights guaranteed by charters of human rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2923, Constitutional Courts
Learn about judicial review.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2922, The Bill of Rights and Judicial Review
Learn about the worldwide influence of the American Bill of Rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2921, The Power of the Bill of Rights
Learn about how the Bill of Rights protects all people.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2920, Latin American Constitutionalism
Learn about how Latin American government has been influenced by the American model.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2919, American Federalism
Learn about how federalism supports limited government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2918, The Perils of Presidentialism
Learn about the risks associated with presidential systems.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2917, Fear of a Strong Executive
Learn about the difference between American presidents and other heads of government.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2916, Presidential Government
Learn about the American presidential system.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2915, Written Constitutions
Learn about the development of written constitutions in democracies.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2914, Influence of the Declaration of Independence
Learn about the declaration of independences influenced by the American declaration.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2913, Vaclav Havel
Learn about Vaclav Havel's admiration for American democracy.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2912, American Ideas Spread
Learn about America's influence on other governments.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2911, Influence of American Constitutional Principles
Learn about America's influence on the world.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2910, LGBT Rights
Learn about the LGBT community's fight for its rights.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2909, Equal Rights Amendment
Learn about the Equal Rights Amendment.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2908, Native American Activism
Learn about issues that affect Native American people and communities.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2907, The Struggle for Civil Rights Continues
Learn about the civil rights movement.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2906, In Defense of Civil Disobedience
Learn why some defend civil disobedience.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2905, Criticism of Civil Disobedience
Learn why some are critics of civil disobedience.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2904, Civil Disobedience
Learn how civil disobedience can play a role in civic engagement.

60-Second Civics: Episode 2903, Shelby County v. Holder
Learn how Shelby County v. Holder changed the Voting Rights Act.