We the People: The Citizen & the Constitution, Level 3
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Copyright Joe Tresh 2007
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Lesson 18 Terms and Concepts to Understand

adversary system

A system of justice in which court trials are essentially contests between accuser and accused that take place before an impartial judge or jury.    [ audio ]

due process of law

A requirement stated in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments that treatment by state and federal governments in matters of life, liberty, or property of individuals be reasonable, fair, and follow known rules and procedures. See procedural due process and substantive due process    [ audio ]

fundamental rights

See basic rights    [ audio ]

incorporation

The process through which the U.S. Supreme Court has applied the due process clause of the fourteenth Amendment to extend the reach of the Bill of Rights to include protection from interference by states.    [ audio ]

inquisitorial system

A trial system in which a judicial official or set of officials acts as both prosecutor and judge, questioning witnesses, examining evidence, and reaching a verdict.    [ audio ]

procedural due process

The principle that government must respect all, not some, of a person's legal rights. Government must not subject individuals to unreasonable, unfair, or arbitrary treatment.    [ audio ]

substantive due process

Judicial interpretations of the due process clauses of the U.S. Constitution requiring the content of law to be fair and reasonable.    [ audio ]
Lesson 18      How Has the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment Changed the Constitution?
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