We the People: The Citizen & the Constitution, Level 3
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The Granger Collection, New York
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Lesson 17 Terms and Concepts to Understand

abolitionists

Opponents of slavery who wished to put an end to the institution.    [ audio ]

grandfather clause

Provisions of laws passed in the South after the Civil War stating that citizens could vote only if their grandfathers had been allowed to vote. The law made it impossible for African Americans to vote because their grandfathers had been excluded from voting.    [ audio ]

literacy test

A test to prove a person's abilities to read and write. Until 1964, such tests were used in various states to prevent minorities from voting.    [ audio ]

poll tax

A tax that voters in many states were required to pay in order to exercise their right to vote. These barriers were used until 1964 to prevent African Americans from voting.    [ audio ]

secession

In U.S. history, the act of states leaving the Union in 1861 following the election of President Abraham Lincoln; precipitated the Civil War.    [ audio ]
Lesson 17      How Did the Civil War Test and Transform the American Constitutional System?
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