We the People: The Citizen & the Constitution, Level 3
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Robert E. Goodier, Delaware, The First State, Artwork provided courtesy of PNC Bank, Delaware
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Lesson 13 Purpose
Most of the delegates at the Philadelphia Convention signed the Constitution on September 17, 1787. Their product would become the law of the land only if ratified by at least nine of the thirteen states. This lesson explains the process of ratification and the opposition that erupted immediately after the draft Constitution became public. Supporters of the proposed Constitution called themselves Federalists and labeled their opponents Anti-Federalists. The names stuck, even though the opponents argued that they?not the Constitution's supporters?were the real believers in a truly "federal" system, a confederation of equal states.

When you have finished this lesson, you should be able to explain why the Anti-Federalists opposed ratifying the Constitution. You also should be able to explain the role of the Anti-Federalists in proposing a bill of rights and to identify other contributions their views have made toward interpreting the Constitution. Finally, you should be able to evaluate, take, and defend a position on the validity and relevance of Anti-Federalist arguments. Audio ]
Lesson 13      What Was the Anti-Federalist Position in the Debate about Ratification?
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