We the People: The Citizen & the Constitution, Level 3
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Howard Chandler Christy, Signing of the Constitution, Architect of the Capitol, House wing, east stairway
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Unit 3 Primary Sources

"Left Wing Manifesto" (1919)

The "Left Wing Manifesto" was a document by Benjamin Gitlow, used as the basis for his prosecution on anarchy charges by the state of New York. While the U.S. Supreme Court upheld his conviction, its opinion held for the first time that the Fourteenth Amendment's due process clause protected personal rights from infringement by the states.

Abraham Lincoln's First Inaugural

Abraham Lincoln's First Inaugural speech.

Alabama Literacy test in 1965

Alabama's Literacy Test in 1965. Such tests were used as a requirement to register to vote until restrictions in the Voting Rights Act of 1965 made them all but illegal.

Article V of the U.S. Constitution

Article V of the Constitution states the process by which the Constitution may be altered.

Constitution of the Confederate States of America, 1861

The text of the Constitution of the Confederate States of America in 1861.

Federalist No. 10

Federalist No. 10, written by James Madison and continuing a theme begun in Hamilton's Federalist No. 9, is the most famous of Federalist Papers. It examines how best to eliminate or minimize the effect of factionalism.

Federalist No. 70

Federalist No. 70 was written by Alexander Hamilton and examines the question of a plural executive, arguing that having multiple presidents introduces conflict and difference of opinion.

Federalist No. 78

From Wikipedia: The essay was published May 28, 1788 and was written to explicate and justify the structure of the judiciary under the proposed Constitution; it is the first of six essays by Hamilton on this issue. In particular, it addresses concerns by the Anti-Federalists over the scope and power of the federal judiciary, which would have comprised unelected, politically insulated judges that would be appointed for life.

James Madison Proposed Bill of Rights

Madison's speech proposing a Bill of Rights and the text of the proposed rights.

Johnson's Voting Rights Speech Before Congress, March 15, 1965

President Johnson's speech to the full Congress asking for their support to pass a voting rights bill guaranteeing that right to African Americans.

Lincoln's First Inaugural Address

Lincoln delivered his first inaugural address after seven states had seceded, inaugurated their own president and rose their own flag.

Magna Carta

From Wikipedia: Magna Carta, is an English legal charter, originally issued in 1215. Magna Carta required King John to proclaim certain rights, respect certain legal procedures, and accept that his will could be restricted by the law.

Mississippi Black Codes of 1865

The Mississippi Black Code is one of many Black Codes adopted at state and local levels in southern states to limit the newly acquired rights of African Americans.

South Carolina Declaration of Causes (1852)

South Carolina Declaration of Causes (1852).

The Declaration of Sentiments, Seneca Falls Conference 1848

From Wikipedia: The Declaration of Sentiments, is a women's rights document authored by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, and demanded equal rights for women, including the right to vote.

Thomas Paine--Common Sense, 1776

Common Sense is a pamphlet, written anonymously by Thomas Paine, giving arguments for American independence from Britain.

Three-fifths Compromise

The Three-fifths Clause of Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

From Wikipedia: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is the treaty that ended the Mexican-American war. The treaty provided for the Mexican Cession in which Mexico gave up 1.36 million square kilometers of its pre-war territory to the U.S.

United States Bill of Rights

From Wikipedia: In the United States, the Bill of Rights is the name by which the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution are known. They were introduced by James Madison to the First United States Congress in 1789 as a series of articles, and came into effect on December 15, 1791, when they had been ratified by three quarters of the states.

United States Constitution

From Wikipedia: The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme law of the United States. It is the foundation and source of the legal authority underlying the existence of the United States of America and the federal government of the United States.

Unit 3      Primary Sources
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